# Bowling Through the Eyes Of Physics

Physics is plainly the study of calculating the mathematics of movements that can be of objects like the human being and bowling balls. Friction is the main cause of the bowl slowing down after the ball has been thrown down the lane. The magnitude of the friction usually depends on the surface of the bowling lane. The lane usually affects speed at which the ball will roll depending on the material the surface is made of, the amount if any of the oil on the lane and the total mass of the ball. The more the oil that is on the bowling lane the less the friction and the harder it is for the bowler to send the ball in a curved path that has been impacted by the spin that the bowler puts at the instant release.

Gravity is also another component of physics that affects the outcome of bowling. Bowling pins have a low center of gravity due to their shape that automatically makes them more stable. The bowling ball on the other hand does not have the center of gravity in the absolute middle of the ball. The position of the center of gravity is usually indicated by the position of the logo or the punch mark on the surface of the bowling ball. There are four basic principles that affect the physics of bowling.

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We have potential energy, direction of initial force, direction of impact and the pin action. When we consider the potential energy, we look at the height from which the bowler drops the bowling ball. This will affect the amount of potential energy that the ball will have. If the bowler plays with a straight ball it will not affect their game in any way, thus it is in the bowlers best interest to keep the ball as close to the lane as possible upon release. The more the potential energy the ball has upon release the longer it will bounce as it travels down the lane and this means that the hook ball will not catch any friction from the lane.

We then have the direction of the initial force, and here we find that the bowler must release the ball with a force perfectly parallel to the horizon velocity and it should be of the vertical velocity as well. Any force that is not parallel to the horizon is wasting energy horizontal kinetic energy that normally remains after the ball has traveled down the lane is what is used to collide with the pins.

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When it comes to the direction of impact, we find that when the bowler bowls with a hook they are taking advantage of friction and the ball boils down to the direction of the pins. Finally, we have the pin action it is the work of elastic collisions and we find that when the pin hits one it automatically sends that pin into the other pins and into others until all the pins have been hit and we find that every collision that takes place is because of kinetic energy. Physics is the force behind every player's success.

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Source by Jared E. Ingram