AI is short for Artificial Intelligence, which refers to the ability of a machine or computer program to do thinking and learning like humans. Also, it is a field of study that works on making a computer smarter. The term AI was coined in 1955 by John McCarthy. Let’s find out more about the AI history and some facts.
Generally, this term refers to a machine that has human-like cognitive abilities. For instance, an AI system can learn and solve some problems like us. An ideal intelligent machine can boost its success rate.
Today, the term AI is used to understand human speech and compete at a much higher level in some strategic games like Chess and Go, interpretation of complex data and self-driving cars.
The goal of AI research is developing computer programs that have the ability to think logically and solve problems. However, many apps can solve a lot of problems. Doing math and searching different databases is something that computers can do much better than humans.
Also, AI involves a lot of different fields, such as philosophy, neuroscience, psychology, linguistics, math and computer science. Researchers are hopeful to develop an AI system that can solve a lot of problems rather than concentrate on just one. Aside from this, researchers are also working hard to develop emotional and creative AI. For this purpose, they have given a go to a lot of tools and approaches.
History of AI
In history, you can find many objects that can be considered Artificially Intelligent. For the first time, these objects of AI appeared in Greek myths, such as Talos of Crete. Aside from this, humanoid robots were designed by Al-Jazari, and Yan Shi.
The ancient Greek mathematicians and Greek philosophers developed formal logic. This gave birth to the idea of computer later on in the 19th century. According to the theory of computation by Alan Turing, all mathematical problems can be solved through the processing of 0’s and 1’s. Aside from this, advancements in cybernetics, information theory, and neurology convinced many researchers that it was possible to develop an electronic brain.
The research studies on AI began after a conference held at Dartmouth College in the 19th century. During this brainstorming session, many people showed their interest in Artificial Intelligence. During the conference, the researchers presented programs that could beat humans at solving word problems. Also, the department of Defense began investing lots of funds in AI labs and research across the globe.
Unfortunately, most researchers underestimate the complexity of problems. Their tools don’t give common sense or emotions to computers. In 1980s, AI research got a reboot because of the popularity of many systems that mimicked human knowledge. By the end of 1985, around one billion dollars were invested in AI. The advent of faster computers was convincing enough for British and US government to provide plenty of funds for AI once again.
So, this is an introduction to AI that contains history and facts. Hopefully, you will find this article full of useful and interesting information.
by Shalini M